For the initial deployment of the management plane and the control plane of OSISM, the systems must be pre-provisioned with Ubuntu 22.04.

Data plane nodes can be automatically provisioned after the initial deployment and do not need to be pre-provisioned.

It is recommended not to install the initial nodes of the management plane and the control plane manually. An ISO image is provided for this purpose which automatically provisions a node. The ISO image is available for download at

There are different variants of the ISO image. The variants differ in the disc layout. The available variants are described in the README file of repository.

If none of the provided variants is suitable, this chapter also describes the manual installation with the help of the Ubuntu 22.04 live ISO image.

Manual installation

The manual installation of a system is described in this section. The manual installation is possible without network connectivity.

  • Download the latest ISO image for Ubuntu 22.04 from

    • Use the ubuntu-22.04.1-live-server-amd64.iso image

    • The version number may be different, always use the latest available version of 22.04 LTS


The screenshots and instructions were created with Ubuntu 20.04. It is similar with Ubuntu 22.04, but the screenshots differ.

  • Choose English as language

  • Choose Install Ubuntu Server

  • Choose English as language (again)

  • Choose your location (e.g. Germany)

  • Choose en_US.UTF-8 as locale

  • Choose the keyboard layout from a list, use English (US)

  • Choose and configure the primary network interface

    • Depending on the environment, the network may not work at this point. Then select any interface and then select Do not configure the network at this time in the next step.

  • Set the hostname (the hostname is node and not

    • Adapt the host name accordingly as you need it yourself. node is only an example.

  • Set osism as full name for the new user

  • Set osism as the username for the account

    • The later used operator user dragon is created during the bootstrap and should not be created during the installation.

  • Set a password for the account

    • The account is only needed initially and can be deleted after completion of the bootstrap.

  • Choose Manual as partitioning method and execute the partitioning according to company specifications

  • Choose No automatic updates

  • Choose OpenSSH server as software to install


    Do not install any other software component. Everything you need will be installed later by OSISM. In particular, it is not necessary to install a desktop environment.

  • After completion, restart the system


python3-minimal must be installed on the systems.

Node Partitioning

  • The use of a UEFI is recommended

  • The use of a RAID is recommended


    We prefer the use of software RAIDs to make us less dependent on hardware. But there is nothing against using hardware RAIDs.

  • The use of a LVM2 is recommended

    • system is recommended as the name for the volume group


    Dedicated disks may be provided for /var/lib/docker on the controller nodes. In this case, do not use an LV for /var/lib/docker but the devices provided for it.

  • Do not configure devices that are not required for the operating system

The use of own file systems for the following mountpoints is recommended. The minimum size and a recommended name for the logical volume are noted.

  • / (10 GByte, logical volume root)

  • /home (2 GByte, logical volume home)

  • /tmp (5 GByte, logical volume tmp)

  • /var/lib/ceph (50 GByte, logical volume ceph) (optional for storage nodes)

  • /var/lib/docker (30 GByte, logical volume docker, do not set the nosuid flag on /var/lib/docker)

  • /var/log/audit (1 GByte, logical volume audit)

  • /var (10 GByte, logical volume var)

  • swap (min 8 GByte, logical volume swap)


The size of the individual partitions is minimal. Depending on the node type, the individual partitions should be made larger. This applies in particular to /var/lib/docker. On controllers at least 100 GByte should be used.

A later enlargement is possible during operation.

# lvextend -L +10G /dev/mapper/system-docker
# resize2fs -p /dev/mapper/system-docker

The following is a sample view from the Ubuntu installer. This view may vary depending on the environment.



When using XFS as the file system for /var/lib/docker, note the following: Running on XFS without d_type support now causes Docker to skip the attempt to use the overlay or overlay2 driver.


Step by step of manual installation with screenshots.

  • Boot via CD-ROM/ISO Ubuntu and choose Install Ubuntu Server

  • Select language English

  • Select your country, e.g. Europe/Germany

    ../_images/03-country.png ../_images/04-location.png ../_images/05-location.png
  • Choose en_US.UTF-8 as locale

  • Do not detect Keyboard layout

  • Choose Keyboard Country English (US)

  • Keyboard layout English (US)

  • Choose your Hostname, e.g. node, manager, compute, controller, ctrl, com, sto, …

  • Full name of User, osism

  • username osism

  • Set password

    ../_images/13-password.png ../_images/14-password-reenter.png
  • Set Timezone, e.g. Europe/Berlin

  • Partitioning - Choose the Guided - use entire disk and set up LVM entry

  • Choose the first disk

  • Write the changes to disk

  • Continue with the suggested value

  • Configure the Logical Volume Manager

  • Write the changes to disk

  • Delete all suggested Logical Volumes

    ../_images/22-partition.png ../_images/23-partition.png
  • Create LVs like here Node Partitioning with ext4

    ../_images/24-partition.png ../_images/25-partition.png ../_images/26-partition.png ../_images/27-partition.png ../_images/28-partition.png ../_images/29-partition.png ../_images/30-partition.png ../_images/31-partition.png ../_images/32-partition.png ../_images/33-partition.png ../_images/34-partition.png
  • For swap LV use swap area

    ../_images/35-partition-swap.png ../_images/36-partition-swap.png
  • The partitioning should look like this

  • Write the changes to disk

  • Installation will be started

  • Proxy?

    ../_images/40-proxy.png ../_images/41-installation.png
  • Choose No automatic updates

  • Choose OpenSSH server to install

    ../_images/43-openssh.png ../_images/44-installation.png
  • After finished installation, choose Continue for reboot

  • After reboot the installed Grub looks like this

  • Finaly the login prompt appears



EFI partitions

# lsblk
sda                   8:0    0 59.6G  0 disk
├─sda1                8:1    0  476M  0 part  /boot/efi
└─sda2                8:2    0 59.2G  0 part
  └─md0               9:0    0 59.1G  0 raid1
    ├─system-root   253:0    0  9.3G  0 lvm   /
    ├─system-swap   253:1    0  7.5G  0 lvm   [SWAP]
    ├─system-tmp    253:2    0  1.9G  0 lvm   /tmp
    ├─system-audit  253:3    0  952M  0 lvm   /var/log/audit
    ├─system-var    253:4    0  9.3G  0 lvm   /var
    ├─system-docker 253:5    0  9.3G  0 lvm   /var/lib/docker
    └─system-home   253:6    0  1.9G  0 lvm   /home
sdb                   8:16   0 59.6G  0 disk
├─sdb1                8:17   0  476M  0 part
└─sdb2                8:18   0 59.2G  0 part
  └─md0               9:0    0 59.1G  0 raid1
    ├─system-root   253:0    0  9.3G  0 lvm   /
    ├─system-swap   253:1    0  7.5G  0 lvm   [SWAP]
    ├─system-tmp    253:2    0  1.9G  0 lvm   /tmp
    ├─system-audit  253:3    0  952M  0 lvm   /var/log/audit
    ├─system-var    253:4    0  9.3G  0 lvm   /var
    ├─system-docker 253:5    0  9.3G  0 lvm   /var/lib/docker
    └─system-home   253:6    0  1.9G  0 lvm   /home
# dd if=/dev/sda1 of=/dev/sdb1
# efibootmgr -v | grep ubuntu
Boot0000* ubuntu     HD(1,GPT,f6b80cef-a636-439a-b2c2-e30bc385eada,0x800,0xee000)/File(\EFI\UBUNTU\SHIMX64.EFI)
Boot0018* ubuntu     HD(1,GPT,f6b80cef-a636-439a-b2c2-e30bc385eada,0x800,0xee000)/File(\EFI\UBUNTU\GRUBX64.EFI)
# efibootmgr -c -d /dev/sdb -p 1 -L "ubuntu2" -l "\EFI\UBUNTU\GRUBX64.EFI"
# efibootmgr -c -d /dev/sdb -p 1 -L "ubuntu2" -l "\EFI\UBUNTU\SHIMX64.EFI"


After the first boot depending on the environment it is necessary to create the network configuration for the management interface manually, because for example bonding or VLANs should be used.

The following examples shows how the configuration can be done with netplan or iproute2.


The examples are not the final network configuration. It is a minimal sample network configuration for initial access to the systems.

The example configuration differs depending on the environment. The configuration is not a recommendation for the network design. It’s just an example configuration.

It is not necessary to manually create the finale network configuration. The final network configuration of the environment is defined during the creation of the configuration repository. The network final network configuration is depoyed during the bootstrap on the systems.


# modprobe bonding
# ip link add bond0 type bond
# ip link set bond0 type bond miimon 100 mode 802.3ad lacp_rate 1
# ip link set eno1 down
# ip link set eno1 master bond0
# ip link set eno2 down
# ip link set eno2 master bond0
# ip link set bond0 up
# cat /proc/net/bonding/bond0
# ip link add link bond0 name vlan101 type vlan id 101
# ip link set vlan101 up
# ip address add dev vlan101
# ip route add default via
  • You may have to set the nameservers in /etc/resolv.conf. Temporarily remove the entry.


  version: 2
  renderer: networkd
      dhcp4: no
      dhcp4: no
      dhcp4: no
        - eno1
        - eno2
        mode: 802.3ad
        lacp-rate: fast
        mii-monitor-interval: 100
      id: 101
      link: bond0
      addresses: [ "" ]
       - to:
        search: [ ]
        addresses: [ "", "" ]
# netplan apply

ACPI Error

If you see this messages in dmesg, logs or journal

ACPI Error: SMBus/IPMI/GenericSerialBus write requires Buffer of length 66, found length 32 (20150930/exfield-418)
ACPI Error: Method parse/execution failed [\_SB.PMI0._PMM] (Node ffff8807ff5bd438), AE_AML_BUFFER_LIMIT (20150930/psparse-542)
ACPI Exception: AE_AML_BUFFER_LIMIT, Evaluating _PMM (20150930/power_meter-338)

blacklist and unload kernel module acpi_power_meter.